SHAS (Heb. שׁ״ס), an abbreviation consisting of the initials of Shishah Sedarim (Heb. שִׁשָּׁה סְדָרִים), or Shita Sidra (Aram. שִׁיתָא סִידְרָא), the "six orders" into which the Mishnah is divided. The full Aramaic term is found in Bava Meẓia 85b, the full Hebrew in Esther Rabbah 1:12. The abbreviation does not appear in the manuscripts of the early editions of the Talmud and was first used in the Basle edition (1578–81) because of the objection of the censor to the term Talmud. It appears in Ḥagigah 10a and Shabbat 63a. In both of these passages the Munich manuscript reads תַּלְמוּדָא (talmuda). Tosafot to Sanhedrin 24a quotes Avodah Zarah 19b שְׁלִישׁ בַּשַּׁ״ס (shelish ba-Shas; "A third of one's time should be devoted to Shas") where the printed editions read בַּתַּלְמוּד (ba-Talmud). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: R.N.N. Rabbinovicz, Ma'amar al Hadpasat ha-Talmud, ed. by A.M. Habermann (1952), 76f. esp. n. 7. (Harry Freedman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SHAS — (Sephardi Torah Guardians), Israeli political party. Shas was established in 1984 before the elections to the Eleventh Knesset, in protest over the small representation of Sephardim in the ḥaredi agudat israel , and with the support of Rabbi… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shas — Fundado en: 1984 Líder: Eli Yishai Ideología: Afiliación europea: Ámbito: Israel Estado: En activo Web …   Wikipedia Español

  • Shas — Infobox Israeli Political Party party name = Shas colorcode = #013068 party leader = Eli Yishai foundation = 1984 by Ovadia Yosef and Elazar Shach MPheight = 17 (1999) MPcurrent = 12 (2006) ideology = Yalkut Yosef Sephardi Judaism Populism… …   Wikipedia

  • shas — bo·shas; bu·ru·shas·ki; dhar·ma·shas·tra; shas; shas·ta; shas·tra; shas·tan; shas·lik; shas·tra·ic; …   English syllables

  • Shas — ▪ political party, Israel Hebrew in full  Sephardim Shomrei Torah , English  Sephardi Torah Guardians        ultra Orthodox religious political party in Israel.       Shas was founded in 1984 by dissident members of the Ashkenazi (Jews of… …   Universalium

  • SHAS —    See Sephardi Torah Guardians (SHAS) …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • shas — plural of sha * * * shas, shash obs. ff. sash n.1 and n.2 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Shas|ta daisy — «SHAS tuh», 1. a cultivated variety of daisy having large flowers with white rays. 2. its flower. ╂[American English < Mount Shasta, a mountain in California] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Shas|tan — «SHAS tuhn», adjective, noun. Geology. Comanchean …   Useful english dictionary

  • shas|tra — «SHAHS truh», noun. = sastra. (Cf. ↑sastra) …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”